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Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal Disease


Gingivitis is defined as inflammation of Gingiva or Gums. Inflammation may cause Pain, Bleeding from gums during brushing/flossing and gum swelling. If you only have gingivitis is in it’s early stages and gum disease has not progressed to Periodontitis, it is completely reversible. Please consult our staff is you have been diagnosed with Gingivitis.


When Gingivitis remains untreated, it may progress to Periodontitis. Periodontitis can also result from other underlying problems. There are some risk factors for Periodontitis including but not limited to Uncontrolled Diabetes, Hypertension, Osteoporosis and other underlying bone related problems etc. Periodontitis is classified into 3 stages based upon severity of disease:

  • Mild Periodontitis

    • Mild Periodontitis is signified by mild bone loss around teeth. Usually, teeth are not mobile in this stage and the disease can be easily controlled with Gum Treatment.
  • Moderate Periodontitis

    • Moderate Periodontitis is signified by Moderate Bone loss around teeth. Gum Pockets around teeth are generally measured between 4-6 mm. It also has other symptoms of Gingivitis and Mild Periodontitis including but not limited to Plaque and Calculus deposits around teeth, Bleeding from Brushing/flossing, Pain and loose gums around teeth. Treatment of Moderate Periodontitis is possible with Phase I and Phase II Gum Treatments which may include Scaling and Root Planning around teeth along with Open Gum Treatment and Cleaning.
  • Severe Periodontitis

    • Severe Periodontitis is signified by greater loss of Bone around teeth. Gum pockets around teeth are generally more than 6 mm. Teeth at this stage show significant mobility and cannot handle any significant pressure. Tooth/multiple teeth loss is common soon if Severe Periodontitis is not treated immediately.


Any level of bone loss is irreversible and usually  cannot be recovered back even with today’s bone grafting procedures. It is highly recommended to keep good Oral Hygiene at home and visit your dentist regularly to avoid such problems. Loss of bone in Periodontal infection is usually painless that therefore, remains unnoticed for long time. Visiting Essel Dental or your regular dentist can avoid getting into these problems. Dr. Kumar and Associates at Essel Dental focus on Preventive Dentistry and are proficient in diagnosis and treatment of any level of Gum Disease.


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Phone: (860) 254-6955
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Essel Dental

Essel Dental is a DBA for My Enfield Dentist, LLC. Any information (Educational or Otherwise) shall be used with proper guidance with your Dental Provider. All posts and blogs are copyright of My Enfield Dentist, LLC.